Active vs Passive Mode
While the differences between these two modes can get complex, here’s a basic explanation:
FTP and FTPS connections use two different channels to a server at once. One is used for
commands and responses, the other for the actual data being transferred.
It’s a little like ordering a pizza: You make a phone call or put in an order via a website, but
the actual pizza arrives by car or scooter.
The second channel – the data channel – is opened differently in active and passive modes. In
active mode, the remote server opens the data channel. In passive mode, the local machine
opens the data channel using the IP address and port number with which the remote server
replies to a successful connection request. Sort of like the difference between having a pizza
delivered (active mode) and going to pick it up yourself (passive mode).
The reason these differences are important is that some firewalls and routers won’t allow
a remote server to initiate a connection to a computer on the local network. If the remote
server can’t open the data channel, the active mode FTP connection can’t transfer any data.
By default, FileZilla Pro CLI uses passive mode for FTP and FTPS connections.
To see or change which mode FileZilla Pro CLI change the FTP mode setting.
FTP Active Mode Configuration
Set the range of local port numbers that a remote server can use
You can restrict the local ports that remote FTP servers can use to initiate data channels.
These will need to correspond to ports that the router is configured to allow access from
outside the local network.
Configure the external IP address for your local machine
Before a remote server can send a request to open a data channel, it needs to know the external
IP address of your computer. This is different to the IP address that it has on your
local network, and it tends to change regularly unless your router is configured to assign a
static address instead.
The easiest way to configure this is to allow FileZilla Pro CLI to check with the
operating system to find out the current external IP address (default). If that doesn’t work,
though, there are two other options:
- Configure FileZilla Pro Command Line to use a static IP address: only use this if your
router and ISP support static IP addresses, and one is assigned to your computer.
- Configure FileZilla Pro Command Line to check a third-party website to find your computer’s
external IP address.
To configure FileZilla Pro CLI to use a static IP address set the e
ngine. to 1 and set the IP address in the
To configure FileZilla Pro CLI to consult a third-party website to find the local
computer’s IP address set the
engine.external_ip_mode to 2 and set the URL of your preferred
IP address-checking website in the IP address in the
Use external IP address for local network connections
By default, FileZilla Pro CLI doesn’t use the external IP address for connections
to servers on the local network.
If you need FileZilla Pro CLI to use the external IP address instead of the internal
(local network) address set the
engine.no_external_ip_on_local setting to 0.